In preparation to move to South Asia as a church planter, I have been reading a lot of different books. One that I highly recommend to anyone preparing to plant whether that be in North America or in an International setting is Discovering Church Planting by J.D. Payne. Because many people are confused when I tell them that I am going to be a church planter in South Asia, but that I do not plan on pastoring a church, Payne has helped me differentiate that for them by delineating types of church planters.
First you have the Apostolic Missionary, who plants and raises up a pastor, then plants again, which is very similar to what we see modeled by Paul in the New Testament. Second you have the Missional Pastor, who plants and pastors, and then raises up others to plant from within the church.
There are examples of both and one is not better than the other, but due to the nature of International Church Planting, in most cases the apostolic missionary type is the better suited type.
The apostolic missionary is also sometimes referred to as a Pioneer Church Planter when they are going into areas where the gospel has never been proclaimed and there is no gospel witness. Where my family and I will be going in 2012 will be a mix of both as we will have our home city, but also do much traveling to other areas. Therefore, my prayer and ambition for our part of the world is this:
...and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation, but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand."